A nation and a king are the subjects of these two proverbs. A nation is basically a group of people existing under the same rule whether one person or a group of people. “Nation” in Hebrew is “goy” which can also be translated as “gentiles, heathens, and peoples”. “King” in Hebrew is “melek”. Therefore, the truths stated here apply to any people group – a state, a city, an organization, and a family – literally any and all social groups including religious and congregations.
Isreal was a nation created by God. The relationship between God as their King and the nation of Israel (and later Judah) as his people was under the banner of these truths. If they obeyed the LORD God, that is live righteously he would bless them (Deuteronomy 28:1-14). And if they did not he would curse them (Deuteronomy 28:15-68). Righteousness would exalt the nation but sin would be their disgrace. Surely their King, the Lord God would have delighted in his wise servants if they obeyed the laws of the covenant both agreed. Yet, they didn’t and incurred his wrath.
Congregations under the banner of the Messiah, Jesus is also created by God. The relationship between God as our King and his church as his people is under the banner of these truths. Paul wrote in Romans 11, “I am talking to you Gentiles. Inasmuch as I am the apostle to the Gentiles…” Consider the Jewish nation “…they were broken off because of unbelief, and you stand by faith. Do not be arrogant, but be afraid. If God did not spare the natural branches, he will not spare you either. Consider therefore the kindness and sternness of God: sternness to those who fell, but kindness to you, provided that you continue in his kindness. Otherwise, you also will be cut off.”